What is a Wool Aubusson Rug?
Aubusson Rugs are named after the Aubusson village in Creuse, France. Goods imported to Europe from the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century such as rugs, ceramics and products alike resulted in the establishing of workshops that produced similar products in Europe. Rug enthusiasts in France started rug workshops and in the 17th century rug production started in France with the permission of the royal palace. The workshop was moved to Savonnerie after some time. Rugs made here used oriental designs and the Turkish knots. Rugs made in Savonnerie were inspired by Anatolian designs and they were trying to keep up with the high quality of Anatolian rugs.
After the workshop in Savonnerie, efforts towards a second workshop in Aubusson intensified. In 1744 the first production center came to life. Early Aubusson rugs used Turkish rug motifs. Especially medallion Oushak design was prevalent. After a few years into the production of Aubusson rugs motifs taken from rugs brought from Istanbul, Izmir and rest of Anatolia were used all together.
After rugs made in Savonnerie rose to fame, new motifs were designed for Aubusson rugs with the help of painters and designers. With inspirations from Baroque and Rococo styles Aubusson rugs have attained their rich form.