What is a Wool Aubusson Rug?
Aubusson Rugs are named after the Aubusson village in Creuse, France. Goods imported to Europe from the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century such as rugs, ceramics and products alike resulted in the establishing of workshops that produced similar products in Europe. Rug enthusiasts in France started rug workshops and in the 17th century rug production started in France with the permission of the royal palace. The workshop was moved to Savonnerie after some time. Rugs made here used oriental designs and the Turkish knots. Rugs made in Savonnerie were inspired by Anatolian designs and they were trying to keep up with the high quality of Anatolian rugs.
After the workshop in Savonnerie, efforts towards a second workshop in Aubusson intensified. In 1744 the first production center came to life. Early Aubusson rugs used Turkish rug motifs. Especially medallion Oushak design was prevalent. After a few years into the production of Aubusson rugs motifs taken from rugs brought from Istanbul, Izmir and rest of Anatolia were used all together.
After rugs made in Savonnerie rose to fame, new motifs were designed for Aubusson rugs with the help of painters and designers. With inspirations from Baroque and Rococo styles Aubusson rugs have attained their rich form.
Aubusson rugs were made for the palaces and homes of the wealthy of their day. They reflect the elegance and beauty of the culture they came to life. The rugs used in the large rooms of palaces generally use medallions with flower motifs.
Aubusson tapestries were another highly regarded product of its day. These textiles were made in the style of Goblin and they were used to embellish the walls and floors of palaces as well as churches. They were made in baroque, rokoko styles and they portray scenes. The technique ısed in the making of these tapestries reminds one of embroidery on flat textile.
Aubusson rugs and tapestries are still produced and they have lost nothing of their elegance and beauty. They are indispensable pieces of textile in home decor. They are widely used in our present day as they are produced in many sizes.
Aubusson tapestries have certain motifs depending on their production era. The early productions have medallions in the center with circling Oriental motifs. From 1800’s with Napoleon’s influence designs with shields, swords, helmets and torches were used immensely to symbolise war. Aubusson tapestries have taken their place among the most elegant rug designs with their color variations and designs created by famous painters.
What is a Tapestry Rug?
Tapestries are rugs depicting certain holy or political scenes, hunting scenes or scenery from the 14th century onwards having started in Northern Europe and spreaded all over the world. They are accepted as works of art and they have been used decorating homes, halls, palaces, churches as wall hangings or on floors. It was a privilege to have a tapestry and they were in the homes of royal families or wealthy merchants. They were seen as status as they are symbols of wealth and power. They were usually commissioned for palaces or great halls; thus they were made in very large sizes. There are also depictions of animals, certain people or historic events.
Tapestries lived their golden age from the 14th to the 19th century. Although they lost their popularity after industrial revolution they are still being produced.
Even their function and purpose are very different these days, they are still seen as elegant pieces of art.
What is a Needlepoint Rug?
Needlepoint rugs are a kind of rug made by kind of a flat weaving technique. The difference than traditional flat weaving is a kind of cross stitching is used in the making of these rugs. It is basically made by creating motifs on a woven textile with a needle using colorful threads. They are also known as Goblen. The stitching technique used in the making of Needlepoint rugs is Tent stitch. Although its history is not clear, similar textiles were found in Egypt during archeological excavations.
In the making process motifs are drawn in color after they are drawn on canvas textile. While coloring, colors that will be used in the stitching procedure are used. Stitching follows the coloring step, by stitching the colored areas in their own colors.