Patchwork rugs came to existence as a method of re-purposing rugs. It is a method that has been used in Anatolia for a very long time; it is called ‘kırkyama’ in Turkish. In Anatolia, patchwork rugs are made of various textiles. Since there is a rich weaving tradition, there is also diversity in re-purposing methods.
Patchwork rugs are made of existing used and old carpets. Wool on wool or wool on cotton rugs are used in the making of patchwork rugs. Wool is an essential element in patchwork rugs because of its high capacity to preserve dye for many years. Cotton is generally used as the weft in Turkish rugs. Hereke Rugs and Kayseri Rugs are the most widely known wool on cotton rugs. Aside from these regions, the same materials have been used in many other regions as well.
As we have mentioned earlier, making patchwork rugs is a re-purposing procedure. Used and old carpets are gathered, cleaned and re-dyed. After, they are cut into smaller pieces which did not contain any holes or tears. Once they are cut down into smaller pieces, any size carpet desired can be produced by stitching together the smaller pieces. Because of differences in previous use, the pile on some pieces is longer compared to others. So once the patchwork rug is brought together, it is shaven so the pile level is uniform. During the procedure, ideal rug sizes in modern homes are taken into consideration. Monochrome or multicolor are two color palettes used in patchwork rugs. Monochrome patchwork rugs are usually preferred in homes decorated with specific color schemes in mind either matching or harmonizing within the color concept of the home. Multicolor patchwork rugs have its place in the color scheme of a home easily as the color palette is richer. Patchwork rugs are popular textile products of today just as much so as they were in the past.